forze armate pakistane

[173] With approximately 71 commissioned warships and 36,000 active duty personnel, its operational scope has expanded to greater national and international responsibility in countering the threat of sea-based global terrorism, drug smuggling, and trafficking issues. [172] The Pressler amendment forced an embargo in the 1990s, during which the navy developed air independent propulsion (AIP) technology purchased from France and built the Agosta-class submarines; two of these (as well as one of the new frigates) were built at Pakistan's facilities in Karachi. As of May 2019, 5,083 personnel were serving abroad, making Pakistan the sixth-largest contributor of personnel to UN peacekeeping missions. [8], Since the 1963 Sino-Pakistan Agreement, the Pakistani military has had close relations with China, working jointly to develop the JF-17, the K-8, and various weapons systems. [152] According to PAF accounts, the air force plans to retire several of its ageing French-licensed Mirage III and Mirage 5 fighter jets. [60] The Air Force abandoned its rank and uniform structure in 2006, and introduced its own uniform insignia which closely resembled that of the Turkish Army. Pakistan has enjoyed strong military co-operation with the Iranian military since the 1950s. [188][189][190] It shares the Navy's rank code, but conducts its combined combat training with army at Pakistan Military Academy Kakul and School of Infantry in Quetta. [60] Slight colour variations have been noted. The unified air forces and air defenses are now under one command. Voci su unità militari presenti su Wikipedia, Official website of Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR), Official website of International Defence Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS), - Pakistan Military Consortium,, Voci con campo Ref vuoto nel template Infobox unità militare, Voci non biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. Es ist allgemein bekannt, dass die Armee die pakistanische Wirtschaft und Verwaltung beherrscht. : Fauji Foundation), commercial (e.g. Comparison of US Army and Pakistan Army's UCP, 2013. These wide swings of fortune are something to which the Pakistanis have become accustomed, and they recognise that, whatever the provocation, the relationship with the United States has too much potential benefit to be discarded lightly. [125] After U.S. military assistance was cut off in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (followed by the disastrous 1971 War[relevant? [89] The unit was active earlier and had seen action during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947, 1965, and 1971.[timeframe?] China is also the largest investor in the Gwadar Deep Sea Port, which is strategically located at the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz. The Navy changed its camouflage in 2013. Other than a greenish flight suit and a standard service dress, the Air Forces's Airman Battle Uniform (ABU) camouflage features a variation of the six-colour desert pattern. [citation needed] Commissioned in 1956 with help from US Army Special Forces, the Pakistan Army's Special Services Group (SSG) is an elite special operations division; its training and nature of operations are roughly equivalent to British Special Air Service (SAS) and US Army Special Forces and Delta Force. Recently, major joint-operations undertaken by the army include Operation Black Thunderstorm and Operation Rah-e-Nijat, against armed insurgents within Pakistan. [178] This ultimately led the introduction of F-22P Zulfiquar-class frigates, which were designed and developed at the Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works (KSEW); at this same time, the Agosta-90B submarines were also built. [9], The Pakistan Armed Forces were formed in 1947, when Pakistan gained independence from the British Empire. [200], Inter-Services Flag of the Pakistan Armed Forces, Uniforms and Camouflage codes of the Pakistan Armed Forces, 1947–present, Defence contractors and explosive engineering. [124] Former servicemen in civilian life who are accused of felonies committed while on active duty are liable for prosecution under the jurisdiction of military courts. According to the views of Russian scholar Anatol Lieven, the Pakistan Armed Forces play a vital role in keeping the Pakistani state together, promoting a spirit of unity and nationhood, and providing a bastion of selfless service to the nation. Significant figures who opted for the former included Ayub Khan (British Indian Army), Haji Mohammad Siddiq Choudri (Royal Indian Navy) and Asghar Khan (Royal Indian Air Force). [133] A single command structure known as General Headquarters (GHQ) is based at Rawalpindi Cantt, adjacent to the Joint staff HQ. [189] However, Marines continued to exist in its rudimentary form until 1988 to meet fundamental security requirements of Pakistan Navy units. The JCO grades in the Pakistani military are a continuation of the former Viceroy of India's commissioned pay grades during the British colonial period. [citation needed] With Marines reestablished in 2004, the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP) uniforms are now worn by each service in respect to their colours; the flag of Pakistan patch worn on the shoulder became compulsory. Pakistan; Philippines; Qatar; Rome; Russia; Russian Empire; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Korea; South Vietnam; Soviet Union; Sri Lanka; Syria; Tajikistan; Thailand; Turkey; Turkmenistan; United Arab Emirates; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Yemen; Subcategories. Rendi AR & VR parte della tua realtà. In comparison with multinational and US forces, Pakistan's military has suffered the highest number of casualties in the war on terror, both in confrontations with al-Qaeda and during border skirmishes with the United States. [63] The JCO grades are equivalent to the civil bureaucracy's pay scales for those who rise by promotion from among enlisted recruits. [102] The Air Force carried and distributed thousands of tons of wheat, medicines, emergency shelters, and provided assistance to rehabilitate the disaster-effected areas of the country. Over the years, diplomatic delegations have been exchanged, and Pakistan has agreed to sell military equipment to Iran. [citation needed] Tentative estimates of the division's size are put at four battalions but the actual strength is kept highly classified. [17][18] The armed forces are generally highly approved of in Pakistani society. [187][191], Its single command structure is based at the Manora Fort in Qasim Marine Base in Karachi and the Marines are under the command of the Commander Coast (COMCOAST), by statute a two-star rear-admiral. … [130] The largest branch of the nation's military, it is a professional, volunteer fighting force, with about 550,000 active personnel and 500,000 reserves (though estimates vary widely). [119], Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) is the premier intelligence service of Pakistan that is responsible for providing, managing, and co-ordinating military intelligence for the Pakistan Armed Forces. An air-launched version, Ra'ad, has been successfully tested. [119] However, the executive decisions, operational plannings, and controls over the WMDs remains vested with the NCA under the Prime Minister of Pakistan. [44] Since 2004, Pakistan's military forces have been engaged in military efforts against al-Qaeda extremists. [120] While intelligence operatives are recruited from each service, including civilians, the ISI has become very powerful and influential. [14] The need for border management led to the creation of paramilitary forces to deal with civil unrest in the North-West, as well as the security of border areas in Punjab and Sindh by paramilitary troops. [9] Both nations also cooperate on the development of their nuclear and space technology programs. [69], After being condemned by India, Great Britain, and the United States between 2004 and 2006 for repressing democracy, the Nepalese monarchy developed military ties with China and Pakistan, who offered extensive support, arms, and equipment for the monarchy's struggle to stay in power in the face of a Maoist insurgency. The militarisation of the Karachi Shipyard Engineering Works (KSEW) took place the same year. [citation needed], The PAF trains and commands the Airports Security Force for ensuring the safeguard and protection of airports in Pakistan. [45] In times of peace, the JCSC's principle functions are to conduct planning of civil–military input; in times of war, the chairman acts as principal military adviser to the prime minister in the supervision and conduct of joint warfare. The 1980s were a difficult time in military relations for both countries, as Iran was blamed for the rising ethnic tensions between Sunnis and Shiites in Pakistan. [124] The army has a four-tier system; the air force, navy, and marines have a three-tier systems. Iranian leader Mohammad Reza Shah provided free fuel to PAF fighter jets in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, allowing Pakistani planes to land at Iranian Air Force bases, refuel, and take off. [178] Established in 1972, the Naval Air Arm provides fleet air defence, maritime reconnaissance, and anti-submarine warfare capability. 24/11/2014 - Last Saturday, after a 4-day break, the Pakistani naval naval vessel PNS Alamgir left the naval station in Mar Grande and concluded its stay in the port of Taranto. [140] Domestic innovation resulted in the successful development of G3A3 rifles, Anza missile systems, and Al-Zarrar and Al-Khalid main battle tanks (MBTs). [67] Relations improved considerably under the Bangladesh military governments of President Major Ziaur Rahman and General Hossain Mohammad Ershad, as Bangladesh had grown distant from its former war ally, India. [153], Joint production with the Chinese Air Force of a light-weight multi-role combat aircraft and further avionics development of the JF-17 is ongoing at the Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC). [114] Since the early 1990s, Pakistan's nuclear strategists have emphasised attaining "second strike" capability in spite of their "first use" policy. Forțele armate ale Bulgariei reprezintă armata Bulgariei. [129], After the partitioning of India in 1947, the Pakistan Army was formed by Indian Muslim officers serving in the British Indian Army. [58] The Navy uniform was likewise based on the Royal Navy uniform, with predominant colours of navy blue and white. L'Esercito pakistano (in Urdu پاک فوج Pak Fauj) è la componente terrestre delle forze armate pakistane. Potrebbe rivelarsi utile per le forze armate spagnole. [138], The Army Aviation Corps reportedly operates about 250 aircraft, including 40 AH-1 Cobra combat helicopters. [27] In the latter war, the Pakistan Armed Forces were the main organizers and perpetrators of the 1971 Bangladesh genocide, in which, most independent researchers estimate, around 300,000 to 500,000 people were killed and 200,000 to 400,000 were systematically raped, although the Bangladeshi government regularly claims the number of deaths was as high as 3,000,000. West Pakistanis believed that Bengalis were not "martially inclined" unlike Pashtuns and Punjabis; the "Martial Races" notion was dismissed as ridiculous and humiliating by Bengalis. È una forza armata professionalizzata che non prevede la leva obbligatoria. [123] Each major service branch has its own service law: Army Justice Act, promulgated in 1952; the PAF Justice Act, established in 1953; and the Navy Ordinance, enacted in 1961. [124] Since 1971, the military budget of the armed forces grew by 200% in support of armed forces contingency operations. [125], After the success of its major projects in the defence industry, the Defence Export Promotion Organization (DEPO) was created to promote Pakistani defence equipment to the world by hosting the International Defence Exhibition and Seminar (IDEAS), which is held biennially at the Karachi expo center. 1h 2h 3h 4h 5h 6h 7h 8h 9h 10h 11h 12h 13h 14h 15h 16h 17h 18h 19h 20h 21h 22h 23h 24h. [50] The military is the seventh largest in the world and has troops deployed around the globe in military assistance and peacekeeping operations. [citation needed] To provide better co-ordination and eliminate competition, the National Intelligence Directorate (NID) was established in 2014. [106] Additionally, the Youm-e-Fizaya (Air Force Day) is celebrated on 7 September, and the Youm-e-Bahriya (Navy Day) on 8 September. Find the travel option that best suits you. [149] The PAF officially uses the slogan: "Second to None; fully abreast with the requisite will and mechanism to live by its standards in the coming millennium and beyond. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kuwait also have been important sources of financial support.[84]. [37][38], Since 1957, the armed forces have taken control from the civilian government in various military coups—ostensibly to restore order in the country, citing corruption and gross inefficiency on the part of the civilian leadership. [187] The Marines saw their first combat actions in amphibious operations during the Bangladesh Liberation War, fighting against the Indian Army. Siddiqa, Ayesha. The Pakistan Naval Air Arm had air dropped more than 500 kg of food and relief goods in Thal, Ghospur, and Mirpur areas. [8] All branches are systemically coordinated during joint operations and missions under the Joint Staff Headquarters (JSHQ). [185], A Navy Mirage-5E (with Sky blue markings underneath) with JF-17, which are flown by navy pilots but remain under air force.[186]. This category has the following 23 subcategories, out of 23 total. [179] Since 2001, the navy has emphasised its role and expanded its operational scope across the country with the establishment of Naval Strategic Forces Command, based in Islamabad. [119] The NCA supervises and forms a tight control of the strategic organisations related to the research and development in Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). [8][45] Recommendations of the Hamoodur Rahman Commission helped establish the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee to co-ordinate all military work and oversee joint missions and their execution during operations. [85] Operatives' identities and actual static strength are kept secret and classified. They need to be able to start making progress with this. Almost all military weapons and equipment were provided by the United States, as part of Pakistan's membership in South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO) and Central Treaty Organization (CENTO). [22] Upon Partition, military formations with a Muslim-majority (such as the Indian Army's infantry Muslim regiments) were transferred to the new Dominion of Pakistan,[22] while on an individual basis, Indian Muslims could choose to transfer their allegiance and service to the Pakistan Armed Forces (consisting of the Pakistan Army, Royal Pakistan Navy and Royal Pakistan Air Force) or remain serving in the Indian Armed Forces of the Dominion of India. Defence Science and Technology Organization, War in North-West Pakistan order of battle, Pakistan–United States military relations, Pakistan and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, United Nations peacekeeping missions involving Pakistan, International response to the 2005 Kashmir earthquake, College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, International Defence Exhibition and Seminar, "South Asia :: Pakistan — The World Factbook", International Institute for Strategic Studies, "Troops already in Saudi Arabia, says minister", "Raheel leaves for Riyadh to command military alliance", "Examining Saudi-Pakistani ties in changing geopolitics", "Trends in World Military Expenditure, 2019", Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, "Inter-Services Public Relations Pakistan", "Al-Khalid MBT-2000/Type 2000 Main Battle Tank", "Military expenditure (% of general government expenditure)", "National Survey of Public Opinion in Pakistan", "Pakistan Army – Saga of valour & service to the nation", "Tale of a love affair that never was: United States-Pakistan Defence Relations", "Bangladesh sets up war crimes court – Central & South Asia", "Bangladesh war: The article that changed history", "Charlie Wilson's Legacy, Operation Cyclone Afghanistan", "Arming Afghan Guerrillas: A Huge Effort Led by U.S. (Published 1988)", "Army Gets A Foothold in Pakistan; Coup Leader, US Envoy Discuss New Government", "Pakistan Army's Contribution in UN Missions", "Meet Pakistan's only female fighter pilot who bombed Taliban hideouts in North Waziristan", "Map: Which countries allow women in front-line combat roles? [110], Pakistan's development of nuclear weapons began in 1972, following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, with the government adopting a policy of deliberate ambiguity which was practised and observed from 1972 to 1998. According to Ministry of Finance calculations, in the three years prior to the 11 September attacks, Pakistan received approximately $9 million in American military aid; in the three years after, the amount increased to $4.2 billion. Translation for 'pakistani forces' in the free English-Italian dictionary and many other Italian translations. In the wake of the 11 September attacks in the United States and the fall of the Taliban government in Afghanistan, the two countries began rebuilding their military ties. After the success of the Mushak, the Super Mushak and the state-of-art Karakoram-8 advanced training jet were produced. "Military Inc. [118] The PAF is the seventh-largest air force and the largest in the Islamic world, with about 943 combat fighter jets and over 200 trainer, transport, communication, helicopter, and force-multiplier aircraft. Si', si. [194] Almost an entire combat contingent of Marines were deployed in Sindh and Southern Punjab to lead the flood-relief operations in 2014. A critical component to the armed forces' structure is the Strategic Plans Division Force, which is responsible for the maintenance and safeguarding of Pakistan's tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpileand ass… Wikipedia article -Women in the Pakistani Armed Forces retvd 5 3 14. [184] Future developments of Babur missiles include capability of being launched from submarines, surface ships, and a range extension to 1,000 kilometres (620 mi). [178] Pakistan's role in the War on Terror led to a rapid modernisation, which saw the induction of the PNS Alamgir anti-submarine warship in 2011. [141] Due to Pakistan's diverse geography, the army has extensive combat experience in a variety of terrains.

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